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LLLI Center for Breastfeeding Information

Breastfeeding Statistics
September 15, 2003

COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-6 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Europe      
Belgium 63.4   9 (Dutch speaking, not French speaking)  
Czech Republic 92   3
Denmark 98   3
England, Wales 71 29 2
France 50   1
Germany 86   13
Greece -- --  
Ireland (North) 31-54 14 1,2
Italy 85 19 12
Luxembourg 88 54 13
The Netherlands 75 37 13
Norway 99   3
Poland 93   3
Portugal 93   3
Romania 91   3
Scotland 50-63 30 6
Spain 91   10
Sweden 97   3
UK 69 21 2
 
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-6 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Latin America & The Caribbean  a = exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months
* = exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months
Argentina -- --  
Belize 90 17a 1
Bolivia 97 50* 1
Brazil 93 29* 1
Chile -- 77a 1
Columbia 95 9* 1
Costa Rica -- 35a 1
Dominican Republic 93 19* 1
Ecuador 95 29* 1
El Salvador 94 15* 1
Guatemala 96 46* 1
Haiti 96 2* 1
Honduras 96 33* 1
Nicaragua 92 22* 1
Panama -- 32a 1
Paraguay 94 5* 1
Peru 97 53* 1
Uruguay -- --  
Venezuela -- --  
 
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-6 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Asia     a = exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months
* = exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months
Armenia -- 21a 1
Azerbaijan -- 53a 1
Bangladesh 97 45* 1
Cambodia -- 60a 1
China 93 64a 13, 1
India 95 43* 1
Indonesia 96 42* 1
Kazakstan 96 10* 1
Kyrgyzstan 95 21* 1
Japan -- 41 13, 1
Laos -- 36a 1
Mongolia -- 93a 1
Myanmar -- 30a 1
Nepal 98 74* 1
Pakistan 94 23* 1
Philippines 88 37* 1
Sri Lanka -- 24a 1
Thailand 97 24a 13, 1
Uzbekistan 96 2 1
       
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-6 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Middle East & North Africa     * = exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months
Algeria 93 5* 1
Bahrain 97 - 1
Egypt 95 56* 1
Iran 98 56* 1
Jordan 95 11* 1
Lebanon 88 12* 1
Morocco 95 25* 1
Oman 99 28* 1
Syria 92 12* 1
Tunisia 94 5* 1
Turkey 95 10* 1
United Arab Emirates 93 -- 1
Yemen 97 18* 1
 
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-6 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Sub-saharan Africa    a = exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months
* = exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months
Benin 97 10* 1
Botswana -- 39a 1
Burkina Faso 99 5* 1
Cameroon 97 12* 1
Cape Verde -- 18a 1
Central African      
Republic 97 3* 1
Chad 98 2* 1
Comoros 96 3* 1
Congo, Dem. Rep. Of -- 32a 1
Cote d’Ivoire 100 2a 1
Eritrea 98 59* 1
Ethiopia -- 74a 1
Gabon -- 57a 1
Ghana 99 31* 1
Guinea -- 52a 1
Kenya 98 12* 1
Lesotho -- 54a  
Liberia -- --  
Madagascar 97 48* 1
Malawi 97 2* 1
Mali 95 8* 1
Mauritania 95 10* 1
Mauritius 72 -- 1
Mozambique 95 30* 1
Namibia 95 14* 1
Niger 97 1* 1
Nigeria 97 1* 1
Rwanda 97 90* 1
Senegal 97 13* 1
Sierra Leone -- --  
Sudan 96 1* 1
Swaziland -- 37a 1
Tanzania 97 29 1
Togo 97 10 1
Uganda 98 57* 1
Zambia 98 19* 1
Zimbabwe 99 11* 1
  
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-5 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
North America      
Canada 72 31 14
USA 70.1 33.2 15
 
COUNTRY % AT INITIATION % AT 4-5 MONTHS REFERENCE NUMBER (see below)
Australia 87 48 16
New Zealand 93.8 56 11

Compiled by Carol Huotari IBCLC
Center for Breastfeeding Information


References:


1.www.babyfriendly.org.uk/ukstats.html
2. www.babymilkaction.org
3. Acta Paediatr 00-1;89(1):88-93 Cattaneo, A. et a.
4. Breastfeeding Rev 00-1;8(3):23-27 Donath. S. & Amir L.H.
5. www.scotland.gov.uk/health/cmobulletin/hb592-08.asp
6. www.sos.se/FULLTEXT/0042-007/0042-007.pdf
7. Can J Pub Hlth 97-7/8;88(4):242-45 Barber C.M. et al
8. JHL 96-3;12(1):37-39 Dickstein M. & Bordoux P.P.
9. J Perinat Med 1998;26:320-23 Carbonell X et al
10. NZ Med J 95-9-8;108(1007):355-57 Essex C. et al
11. Acta Paediatr 99-4;88(4):411-15 Riva E. et al
12. WHO GLOBAL DATABANK ON BREASTFEEDING AND COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING
13. AWHONN Lifelines 03-8/9;7(4):340-47 Banks J.W.
14. Mothers' Survey, Ross Products Div Abbott Labs, Breastfeeding Trends 2002
15. National Health Surveys, Australia www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/8E65D6253E10F802CA256DA40003A07C?Open

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