母乳喂养,分娩和COVID-19

母乳喂养,分娩和COVID-19

Categories: News From LLLI, 简体中文

媒体发布

(2020年2月19日的媒体新闻稿更新,后续的母乳喂养和冠状病毒信息于3月4日公布,3月12日和27日修订)

立即公告
联络信息: zion@llli.org
2020年4月16日, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

国际母乳会亚洲&中东地区的支持
请上:  https://www.lllasia.org/find-support

许多人向国际母乳会(LLLI)寻求关于分娩和哺喂母乳与冠状病毒相关的最新信息。我们继续强调给所有婴儿哺喂母乳的重要性,无论是新生儿还是年龄较大的婴儿,以及是否有人对COVID-19检测呈现阳性。当家庭要决定分娩和婴儿喂食的方式时,了解哺喂母乳的好处和不哺喂母乳的风险,对于他们来说至关重要。

哺喂母乳是保护婴儿免于生病或减轻婴儿生病时严重程度的最佳方法。

国际母乳会支持世界卫生组织(WHO)关于出生后立即进行母乳哺喂的建议,即使确诊COVID-19也是如此。母乳哺喂对于母亲或近亲家属确诊COVID-19的婴儿来说很重要。支持所有新生儿在出生后一小时内母乳哺喂也很重要,这样他们才能受益于初乳所提供的免疫成分。

如果有人在母乳喂养时生病,重要的是不要中断母乳哺喂,除非有医学上必要。当家庭的任何成员曾经暴露在病毒下,婴儿也早已暴露了。这时任何中断母乳哺喂的行动,实际上可能会增加婴儿患病甚至重病的风险。

当母亲病得太严重而无法亲喂母乳,应该支持她挤奶或收集奶水,以便仍可以给婴儿喂食母奶。如果不可能的话,世界卫生组织建议以捐赠的奶水为次佳的喂食选择,捐赠的奶水包含母乳代用品中没有的免疫成分。除了支持,也应提供有关再度泌乳的信息,以便母亲在健康状况改善时帮助婴儿重新回到乳房。

世界卫生组织已经为COVID-19确诊阳性者发布了与妊娠、分娩和母乳哺喂有关的最新信息,可以在以下位置找到:

https://www.who.int/zh/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-on-covid-19-pregnancy-childbirth-and-breastfeeding

我们鼓励每个家庭,根据可信赖的信息与有学识的专业人员共同讨论后,做出知情的决定。

信息来源的网址:https://www.llli.org/covid-19-references/

当有可用的新信息时,我们将更新这些数据源。请经常检查更新。

中文数据参考

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM), Statement on Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), 10 March 2020,
https://www.bfmed.org/assets/ABM%20COVID19%20Traditional%20Chinese.pdf
(accessed 19 April 2020)

UNICEF, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): What parents should know,
https://www.lllasia.org/coronavirus-and-breastfeeding-chinese

World Health Organization (WHO) Q&A on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding, 18 March 2020,
https://www.who.int/zh/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-on-covid-19-pregnancy-childbirth-and-breastfeeding
(accessed 19 April 2020)

 

World Health Organization, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters,
https://www.who.int/zh/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
(accessed 19 April 2020

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