母乳哺育,分娩和COVID-19

母乳哺育,分娩和COVID-19

Categories: News From LLLI, 繁體中文

媒體發佈

(2020219日的媒體新聞稿更新,後續的哺乳和冠狀病毒資訊於3月4日公布,3月12日和27日修訂)

立即公告
聯絡資訊: zion@llli.org
2020年4月16日, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

國際母乳會亞洲&中東地區的支持
請上:  https://www.lllasia.org/find-support

許多人向國際母乳會(LLLI)尋求關於分娩和哺餵母乳與冠狀病毒相關的最新資訊。我們繼續強調給所有嬰兒哺餵母乳的重要性,無論是新生兒還是年齡較大的嬰兒,以及是否有人對COVID-19檢測呈現陽性。當家庭要決定分娩和嬰兒餵食的方式時,了解哺餵母乳的好處和不哺餵母乳的風險,對於他們來說至關重要。

哺餵母乳是保護嬰兒免於生病或減輕嬰兒生病時嚴重程度的最佳方法。

國際母乳會支持世界衛生組織(WHO)關於出生後立即進行母乳哺餵的建議,即使確診COVID-19也是如此。母乳哺餵對於母親或近親家屬確診COVID-19的嬰兒來說很重要。支持所有新生兒在出生後一小時內母乳哺餵也很重要,這樣他們才能受益於初乳所提供的免疫成分。

如果有人在哺乳時生病,重要的是不要中斷母乳哺餵,除非有醫學上必要。當家庭的任何成員曾經暴露在病毒下,嬰兒也早已暴露了。這時任何中斷母乳哺餵的行動,實際上可能會增加嬰兒患病甚至重病的風險。

當母親病得太嚴重而無法親餵母乳,應該支持她擠奶或收集奶水,以便仍可以給嬰兒餵食母奶。 如果不可能的話,世界衛生組織建議以捐贈的奶水為次佳的餵食選擇,捐贈的奶水包含母乳代用品中沒有的免疫成分。除了支持,也應提供有關再度泌乳的資訊,以便母親在健康狀況改善時幫助嬰兒重新回到乳房。

世界衛生組織已經為COVID-19確診陽性者發佈了與妊娠,分娩和母乳哺餵有關的最新資訊,可以在以下位置找到:

https://www.who.int/zh/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-on-covid-19-pregnancy-childbirth-and-breastfeeding

我們鼓勵每個家庭,根據可信賴的資訊與有學識的專業人員共同討論後,做出知情的決定。

資訊來源的網址:https://www.llli.org/covid-19-references/

當有可用的新資訊時,我們將更新這些資料來源。請經常檢查更新。

中文資料參考

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM), Statement on Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), 10 March 2020,
https://www.bfmed.org/assets/ABM%20COVID19%20Traditional%20Chinese.pdf
(accessed 19 April 2020)

UNICEF, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): What parents should know,
https://www.lllasia.org/coronavirus-and-breastfeeding-chinese

World Health Organization (WHO) Q&A on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding, 18 March 2020,
https://www.who.int/zh/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-on-covid-19-pregnancy-childbirth-and-breastfeeding
(accessed 19 April 2020)

World Health Organization, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters,
https://www.who.int/zh/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
(accessed 19 April 2020)

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